Wrinkles, dryness, puffiness, redness and dark circles can all be caused by improper lifestyle and constant anxiety.
These conditions may give rise to eye diseases including loss of eyesight. Thankfully, taking care of eyes is not so difficult.
Following a few simple tips daily can greatly reduce the likelihood of eye issues and disorders.
1. REFRACTIVE ERRORS - Myopia, Hypermetropia, Astigmatism, Presbyopia.
Myopia - It is a common vision condition in which one can see objects which are near but objects far away are blurry.
Hypermetropia – Nearby objects are not clearly visible in hypermetropia.
Astigmatism - is a condition in which the shape of the cornea has some irregularities.
Presbyopia – After the age of 40 years, it becomes difficult to focus on nearby objects.
These errors can be rectified by using glasses or lenses or surgery.
2. DRY EYES – Dry eye disease is a common condition that occurs when tears aren't able to provide adequate lubrication for the eyes. Patients feel redness, irritation, itching in their eyes.
Dry eyes can be treated by following simple tips like
3. DIABETES AND HYPERTENSIVE RETINOPATHY – Damage or changes caused to the blood vessels at the back of the eye (retina) due to diabetes and blood pressure is known as retinopathy.
In diabetic retinopathy, the patient is unable to see things clearly and as the condition progresses, the symptoms observed by patients are
Careful management and strict control of sugar levels and blood pressure is the best way to prevent vision loss.
4. CATARACT – Cataract is a dense, cloudy area that forms in the lens of the eye. It develops slowly and eventually interferes with vision.
It is easily treatable, through surgery, the cloudy part of the lens is replaced by an artificial intraocular lens.
During Covid Pandemic, due to prolonged use of digital devices such as mobile phones, tablets and, computers people were affected by a type of vision related problem known as COMPUTER VISION SYNDROME.
Patients may feel itchy eyes, redness, eyes feeling tired or uncomfortable.
Taking proper care and maintaining a healthy vision is very important for a healthy life ahead. Overall health can impact eye health.
Some simple tips for maintaining good eyesight are
1) RESTRICT SCREEN TIME
Staring at a computer, tablet or phone screen for too long, may lead to eyestrain, dry eyes, neck and shoulder pain.
A person should take a screen break every 20 mins and follow the 20-20-20 rule. The rule says looking at a thing 20 m away for 20 secs after every 20 mins of screen time.
2) STRETCHING AND RELAXING EYE MUSCLES
3) MAINTAINING GOOD POSTURE
Sitting in correct posture helps in reducing strain on the eyes. Many kids have the habit of watching screen in lying down position which increases strain on eyes.
For doing any kind of office work, the ideal way is to use a table and chair. It helps in maintaining eye health and reduces back, shoulder and neck pain.
4) EAT THE RIGHT FOODS
To maintain good eye sight, plate should be filled with green vegetables, fruits having vitamin C.
These nutrients may help in lowering the chance of developing macular degeneration or cataracts.
5) BLINK MORE OFTEN
We tend to blink less during watching the screen. This leads to improper functioning of the watery layer of eye. Remember to blink consciously
6) PROTECTION FROM SUN
Exposure to sunlight increases the chances of development of macular degeneration or cataracts. To keep eyes safe and healthy, using a decent pair of glasses with UVA and UVB protection is advised.
Be aware of family history if you have any. Very important in case of family members having diabetes or glaucoma. It helps in diagnosis and treatment of patients having eye related problems.
7) THROW AWAY OLD MAKEUP
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